Injuries to these nerves can occur during birth when the plexus is put under tension. It is sometimes associated with the shoulder becoming stuck during delivery (shoulder dystocia).
For some, Obstetric Brachial Plexus Palsy occurs when the baby is large and/or in a breech presentation. There are different types of injuries depending on the level of pressure put on the plexus and the number of nerves involved.
Signs and symptoms of Obstetric Brachial Plexus Palsy include:
If you have been told that your child has an Obstetric Brachial Plexus Palsy you will be referred to physiotherapy.
Range of motion exercises are movements done with your baby’s arms to ensure that the joints maintain full movement.
These exercises should be performed slowly and held at the end of range for at least 10 seconds. The exercises should be done at least three times a day with each exercise being repeated three times unless otherwise directed by your physiotherapist.
There will be many more opportunities to do these stretching exercises such as during baths and times when your baby is being nursed, held or changed.
If you have any concerns or queries about any information above, please contact St David’s Children’s Centre on 02920 536805.
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