Knee Pain

How does the knee work?

The knee is the largest joint in your body.

It is made up of four main things: bones, ligaments, cartilage and tendons. The knee bends and straightens and has a small amount of rotation to allow for day to day activities.

Causes of Knee Pain

Most of the time there is a very simple explanation for knee pain.

If you’ve overdone it while exercising pain is usually caused by strained or inflamed soft tissues, such as joint surface or tendons and it often clears up within a few days to weeks.

As you get older, normal wear and tear can cause pain in your knee to flare up now and again, often for no reason. 

If you have fallen or twisted your knee

If you’ve fallen and/or twisted your knee and it becomes immediately swollen, your knee has locked (your unable to move it at all because it is stuck) and your finding it difficult to put wait on your leg you may need to see a doctor. 

You should urgently call CAV247 on 0300 1020247 to arrange an appointment slot in A&E, as there is a small possibility of a bone or ligament injury. 

Self Help

Keeping active is an essential part of your treatment and recovery and is the single best thing you can do for your health.

  • Prevent a recurrence of the problem
  • Maintain your current levels of fitness – even if you have to modify what you normally do, any activity is better than none
  • Keep your other muscles and joints strong and flexible
  • Keep a healthy body weight

It’s recommended you stay at or return to work as quickly as possible during your recovery.

You don’t need to be pain and symptom-free to return to work.

  • Rest your knee but avoid long spells of not moving at all
  • Move your knee gently for 10 to 20 seconds every hour when you are awake
  • Try to use your leg more to help your knee and relieve pain
  • Use a hand rail to go up and down stairs if there is one
  • Do whatever you normally would including staying at, or return to work if possible
  • Avoid sports or heavy lifting until you have less discomfort and good movement. Remember to warm up fully before you start sporting activities.

Self Referral to Physiotherapy (MSK)

If you have completed 4-6 weeks of these exercises and your symptoms have not improved.
Please refer to our Self Referral page.

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